Research Update: Ultrasound Study of Tongue Function during Breastfeeding Before and After Treatment of Partial Ankyloglossia (

Time-frame: 75-90
CERP: yes

Ultrasound is a non-invasive tool for studying tongue and swallowing function during breastfeeding. Infants with tongue tie are unable to perform normal wavelike tongue movements, and use compensatory and less efficient strategies to transfer milk from the breast. Ultrasound videos show these strategies in action, and are correlated with clinical video of infants using the same compensations. Normalization of sucking motions and rhythms are documented after treatment.

Catherine Watson Genna BS, IBCLC

Country: USA
Phone number: 718-846-2323
Download CV


Supporting Sucking Skills In Breastfeeding Infants">Supporting Sucking Skills in BF Infants 3rd edition

Third edition! Updated research based information on infant sucking and new strategies to assist infants with breastfeeding difficulties.

Physiologic Breastfeeding Initiation

Physiologic Breastfeeding: A Contemporary Approach to Breastfeeding Initiation
  1. Robyn Schafer CNM, MSN, RN, EdM, IBCLC,* and
  2. Catherine Watson Genna BS, IBCLC            DOI: 10.1111/jmwh.12319
Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health

Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health

Volume 60, Issue 5, pages 546–553, September/October 2015

Breastfeeding Infants with Congenital Torticollis

Infants with torticollis can be difficult to feed. This article describes positioning and supportive strategies  for affected infants.