Organization of tongue movements during breastfeeding before and after frenotomy for posterior tongue-tie: an ultrasound analysis.

Time-frame: 60-75 minutes
CERP: yes

Normal breastfeeding infants use different zones of the tongue in different ways – the anterior tongue ‘rides’ on the mandible and the mid tongue and posterior tongue follow a wave of depression from the front of the mouth to the back, facilitating both milk removal (negative pressure) and swallowing (Elad et al, 2014). Children with posterior tongue-tie (ankyloglossia that affects the mid and/or posterior tongue) show a disorganized pattern of tongue mobility before frenotomy and a more organized wave of tongue movement after.

Catherine Watson Genna BS, IBCLC

Country: USA
Phone number: 718-846-2323
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Supporting Sucking Skills In Breastfeeding Infants">Supporting Sucking Skills in BF Infants 3rd edition

Third edition! Updated research based information on infant sucking and new strategies to assist infants with breastfeeding difficulties.

Physiologic Breastfeeding Initiation

Physiologic Breastfeeding: A Contemporary Approach to Breastfeeding Initiation
  1. Robyn Schafer CNM, MSN, RN, EdM, IBCLC,* and
  2. Catherine Watson Genna BS, IBCLC            DOI: 10.1111/jmwh.12319
Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health

Journal of Midwifery & Women’s Health

Volume 60, Issue 5, pages 546–553, September/October 2015

Breastfeeding Infants with Congenital Torticollis

Infants with torticollis can be difficult to feed. This article describes positioning and supportive strategies  for affected infants.